They came from many countries in Eastern Europe, Russia, Poland, Bulgaria, Lithuania and even Germany, where academic painters were above all much preferred by the public between 1860 and 1890.
Max Liebermann (1847-1935) however managed to become the greatest Impressionist painter in Berlin only after a long stay in Paris where he worked under the influence of Jean-François Millet. Showing a major interest in rural scenes, he glorified the German working class and seldom painted Jewish subject matter as he felt much integrated into the German society.
But he faced a rather harsh return to reality in his old age when waves of anti-Semitic actions swept his country after the Nazi take-over in 1933.
His paintings are worth between US $ 30,000 and 400,000.
Alfred Wolmark (1877-1961) was a kind of painter who felt much concerned about his roots. Born in Warsaw, he arrived in the London East End area as a child. Close to his community, he did much to explore the Jewish subjects familiar to him in a style reminiscent of Rembrandt. His success in London with such works during the first decade of the 20th Century was quite considerable. Later in his career he produced works in increasingly vibrant colours. He is rated between US $ 7,000 and 40,000.
Born in Nancy, eastern France, Edouard Moyse (1827-?) was the first Jewish genre painter in his country. He started at the 1850 Salon showing portraits and Jewish scenes. His works are worth between US $ 4,000 and 25,000.
As for the United States, William Auerbach Levy (1889-1965) was among the first to deal with Jewish portraits around 1910. His paintings sell between US $ 3,000 and 10,000.
Abraham Mintchine, Flowers, 1930