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BISSIERE ROGER

Date of birth : 1886-1964
Nationality : French
Activity : Painter
Average price : Between US $ 15,000 and 120,000
Cet article se compose de 2 pages.
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He also took part at the Universal Exhibition in 1937 in Paris and at the exhibition of the Masters of Independent Art 1895-1937 at the Petit Palais where he exhibited «Forest with a dog» painted in 1919, «Head of a young girl» of 1920 and a still life with a glass. The 1947 Salon de Mai paid homage to Bissière in showing three of his paintings, «Woman with a newspaper» and two untitled compositions.

In 1954 and 1955 he was invited at the Venice and Sao Paulo Biennials and the Documenta in Kassel in 1959 and 1964. Bissière had many one-man shows, the first taking place at the Berthe Weil gallery in Paris in 1920, which led him to be under contract with the dealer Paul Rosenberg. He then exhibited at the Druet gallery in 1923 while the Drouin gallery showed many of his paintings and tapestries in 1946.

Many retrospective shows were dedicated to this artist, in Germany in 1957, in 1959 at the Museum of Modern Art in Paris, then in Hanover, Eindhoven, Amsterdam, Lucerne, New York in 1961 and at the Jeanne Bucher gallery in 1962.

After his death retrospective exhibitions took place at the Museum of Modern Art in Paris in 1986 and at the Museum of the Abbaye Ste Croix in the Sables-d'Olonne in 1997.

Bissière also worked as an engraver and illustrator and also produced stained glass projects. He notably conceived stained glass panels for the Metz cathedral in 1960 and in 1962 he produced works inspired by his memories and sufferings after the death of his wife. There are two distinct parts in Bissière's career, which started in earnest in 1919 after his meeting with Favory, Lhote and Braque who made him discover Cubism, a form of art that influenced him much during many years.

Bissière had much influence over many French painters who started to be known after the Second World War as he was one of the great theoreticians of Cubism who tried to apply new experimentations in the juxtaposition of colours in his works with a view to master harmony and rhythm. The War made him learn to forget futile things and to go for those that were essential. «Perhaps I was led to a kind of introspection,» he said after he resumed work in 1944. The second part of his career started after the war when reality seem to disintegrate in his works exhaling sheer freedom that formed a new language, suggesting forms in his tapestries such as that of an angel, a bird, a faun or a star.

After an eye operation, Bissière gave up any clue to figuration in the paintings he exhibited at the Jeanne Bucher gallery in 1951 to which he gave the provocative title of «Images without titles».

Afterward Bissière gave titles to his works with psychological meanings such as «The Agony of the Leaves» or «Nobility of Ruins» and tackled new possibilities in the field of abstraction but always with great freedom that enabled him to stay away from the abstract academic path that many other artists had followed.

Bissière loved to quoted the Douanier Rousseau who once said: «It's not me who is painting, it's something at the tip of my fingers»…

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