In «The Rape of the Sabines», David copied an antique intaglio, the decors of some antique Greek vases as well as a figure painted by Raphael and others by Poussin.
David had some 50 pupils who copied his major works to satisfy official demands in France. One of them was Antoine Jean Gros who remained quite faithful to the spirit of his master. Other much active pupils were Vincent Girodet, Guillaume Lethière and Ingres who lent his brush much for the execution by David of the portrait of «Madame Récamier».
Pierre Franque, Biard, Rouget Langlois or Verdier also helped David produce several paintings or copied his works.
Other imitators of David were Bergeret, Camus, Cocheteau, Couder, Delafontaine, Desavis, Drolling, Forbin, Garneray, Granet, Gérard, Guillou, Guérin, Gautherot, Hennequin, Isabey, Lefèvre, Abel de Pujol, Richard, Revoil, Regnault, Riesener, Wicar, Vernet, Laneville, Georges Duvilliers or Langlois.
The celebrated Spanish painter Francisco Goya y Lucientes was also much copied, notably by Delacroix, Daumier and Manet.
Eugenio Lucas y Padilla imitated Velasquez and Goya also. His son Eugenio Lucas produced copies of works by Goya whose other followers were Estève and Leonardo Allenza y Nieto while even Goya's father-in-law Francisco Bayeu copied his works.
Jean-Dominique Ingres was also known to have copied scores of old masters, notably Raphael who inspired him much. He also copied 16th Century engravings when he painted his famous Turkish nudes.
Ingres once said he had no scruples copying old masters and was in turn copied by Mollez, J.P.E Balze and Chassériau.
Delacroix was copied by Andrieu, Mrs Dalton, his mistress, Emile Knoepfler and Chassériau.