*Brauner Itzhok, Vincent Birth - Death : 1887-1944 Nationality : Polish
Brauner studied art in Lodz and in Berlin, where he also attended violin classes at the Berlin Conservatoire between 1908 and 1912. He first worked under post-Impressionist influences before producing Expressionist paintings and made artistic metal works during the 1930's. Brauner also worked for a Jewish theatre in Lodz and formed a puppet-theatre called “Chad Gajdon” for which he carved some thirty marionettes. This artist, who disappeared during World War Two, also painted scenes of the ghetto in Lodz and some Judaic portraits.
*Bromberg, Maurycy Birth - Death : 20th Century Nationality : Polish
Painter. Bromberg produced works in Auschwitz now located in the Jewish Historical Institute in Warsaw. No biographical information has been found about this artist who presumably died in Auschwitz during World War Two.
*Cheychel, Meyer Birth - Death : 1890-1942 Nationality : Ukrainian
Cheychel studied painting at 20 in Saint Petersburg, where he took part in his first exhibition and then in Kiev. After his arrival in Paris in 1922, he became somewhat tormented and lived poorly in seclusion with the feeling of being ceaselessly persecuted. Cheychel was arrested by the Vichy Police in August 1942 and deported to Auschwitz, where he was murdered. The Nazis destroyed most of his works.
*Cohen, Yehouda or Juda Birth - Death : 1897-1942 Nationality : Greek
Born in Salonika, Cohen went in 1918 to Palestine to study painting at the Bezalel School in Jerusalem He then visited Florence, Brussels and Paris, where he stayed and married a girl from Salonika. When she died he took the latter's sister as his second spouse. He painted village views and biblical scenes and worked as a builder to earn a living. He was arrested in November 1942 in Paris with his wife, his children and his parents-in-laws. They were all deported on November 11th 1942 to Auschwitz, where they were murdered.
*Cyna, Hersz Birth - Death : ?-1942 Nationality : Polish
Cyna studied at the Academy in Warsaw and produced watercolor scenes and landscapes as well as Yiddish posters in Poland. This artist who exhibited his works with the ZTKSP group in 1938 was arrested by the Nazis during World War Two and deported to Treblinka, where he was murdered.
*Cytryn, Henryk Chaim Birth - Death : 1911-1943 Nationality : Polish
Painter. Henryk Cytryn studied at the Academy of Fine Arts in Warsaw until 1931 and produced some Judaic scenes. He disappeared during World War Two.
*Cytryn, Jakub Birth - Death : 1909-1941 Nationality : Polish
Jakub Cytryn studied painting in Warsaw in 1932 and took part in 1935 in the exhibition of the ZTKSP group, which gathered Jewish artists. He painted landscapes and Jewish scenes. This artist disappeared during World War Two.
*Dulman, Boas Birth - Death : 1900? - 1942 or 1943 Nationality : Polish
Painter and graphic artist. Dulman visited Paris at the end of the 1920s and exhibited drawings and portraits with the Jewish painters from the Polish ZTKSP group in 1935, 1938 and 1939. He notably painted the portrait of a Polish Jew in 1934. This artist died in the Nazi extermination camp of Treblinka.
*Eismannova, Zdenka Birth - Death : 1897-1943 Nationality : Czech
Deported in 1942 to Therensienstadt she produced watercolor works on the life of women detained in that ghetto. She was transferred one year later to the Nazi extermination camp of Auschwitz, where she was murdered.
*Eljowicz, Maksymilian Birth - Death : 1890-1942 Nationality : Polish
Born in Wilno, Eljowicz was a member of the Polish Association of Jewish Painters and Sculptors. He produced Cubist and Constructivist works during his career after studying in Berlin and in Paris. This artist was probably a victim of the Holocaust during World War Two.
*Erb, Erno Birth - Death : 1878 -1943 Nationality : Polish
Painter. Erb painted some Judaic scenes. He disappeared during World War Two.
*Fajgenbaum, Szaja Birth - Death : 1900-1942? Nationality : Polish
Fajgenbaum took part in an exhibition of Jewish artists in 1921 in Poland and then exhibited with the ZTKSP group in 1930 and 1933. She painted portraits and Judaic scenes. She died in the Nazi extermination camp of Treblinka during World War Two.
*Feder, Adolphe Aizik Birth - Death : 1886-1943 Nationality : Ukrainian
Adolphe Feder received a traditional Jewish Heder education before he was forced to leave Russia because of his activities within the revolutionary “Bund” movement. He studied painting in 1905 in Berlin and then in Geneva. After settling in 1908 in Paris he worked in Matisse's studio and befriended Modigliani, Soutine, Friesz, Lipchitz and many other artists. Working under the influence of Cubist masters, Feder, who visited Palestine in 1926, had several of his Expressionist works acquired by some of the most important museums in the world. Arrested with his wife in Paris in 1942 he produced several watercolors of the camp of Drancy, where he was detained and which are now shown in the Ghetto Fighters' House in Israel. While his wife managed to escape Feder was then deported in February 1943 to the Nazi extermination camp of Auschwitz, where he was murdered along with his brother Leon, his two sisters and his sister-in-law.
*Fenyes, Adolf Birth - Death : 1867-1945 Nationality : Hungarian
The son of a rabbi, Fenyes began to study law but left the university and devoted himself to painting. He studied with Szekely, Bouguereau, Ferrier and Benczur and during a stay in Holland, he painted themes derived from the life of the poor. In 1901, he was invited to participate in the foundation of the Szolnok artists' colony and painted genre scenes depicting peasants before producing works in an Impressionist style. He also produced biblical and Judaic scenes. Fenyes, who had been awarded a bronze medal at the 1900 Universal Exhibition in Paris, died at the end of World War Two as a result of his sufferings during Nazi occupation.
*Finkelstein, Samuel Birth - Death : 1890 or 1895-1942 Nationality : Polish
Painter. Finkelstein produced some Judaic portraits during his career. He died in the Nazi extermination camp of Treblinka during World War Two.
*Fleischmann, Karel Birth - Death : 1897-1944 Nationality : Czech
Fleischmann studied medicine in Prague before deciding to become an artist. He notably was one of the co-founders of the avant-garde group “The Line”. Detained in April 1942, he served as a medical assistant in the ghetto of Theresienstadt and produced many drawings relating to the conditions of his fellow detainees. Fleischmann died with his wife in the extermination camp of Auschwitz, where they had been transferred in October 1944.
*Frenkiel, Helena Birth - Death : 1900-1942 Nationality : Polish
Painter. Helena Frenkiel studied painting after 1915 and then worked as a landscape painter. Helena Frenkiel died during World War Two.
*Fritta, Bedrich, Fritz Taussig called Fritta Birth - Death : 1906-1944 Nationality : Czech
Fritta worked as a sketcher and caricaturist in Prague before his arrest and transfer to the ghetto of Theresienstadt, where he arrived in December 1941. He then headed the Drawing bureau of the Technical department and was arrested in July 1944 on charge of false propaganda. Detained with his wife and three-year old son in the small fortress of Theresienstadt he was transferred in October 1944 to the extermination camp of Auschwitz, where he died. Fritta produced some 200 clandestine drawings depicting the tragic living conditions in the ghetto.
*Frydman, Abraham Hirsz Birth - Death : 1906-1941 Nationality : Polish
Frydman studied painting in France and Italy during the 1930s. Frydman started to exhibit his works from 1929 and took part in 1938 and 1939 in the exhibitions of the ZTKSP group, which gathered Jewish artists. This artist who painted some Judaic portraits disappeared during World War Two.
*Ginz, Peter Birth - Death : 1928-1944 Nationality : Czech
Ginz was detained in the Theresienstadt ghetto, where he produced drawings and texts. He notably published there a journal titled “Vedem¯” before his transfer to Auschwitz, where he was murdered.