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Around Jewish Art

The seemingly effortless process by which a suitable title is selected for an encyclopedia such as this became exponentially more complex and difficult as I explored the available options and heard the mounting arguments from all sides. Finding the right mix of words was crucial. After pondering the subject for several months in an effort to arrive at the best possible title, I finally opted for "Around Jewish Art."

PART I
Artists of Jewish Extraction Who Did Not Paint Judaic Scenes

PART 2
List of artists of Jewish extraction who painted Jewish scenes or whose works came to reflect their attachment to their roots.


PART III
There were also some non-Jewish artists who painted Judaic and Jewish scenes or went to work in Palestine and those who exhibited in Jewish institutions and museums as well as others who have not been identified as being Jewish for sure.

PART IV
Sculptors and medallists
Probably because of a reference in the Bible to Abraham destroying statues of pagan gods, Jewish artists refrained from producing sculptures representing humans until at least the 19th Century. It was only after 1880, when many Jews benefited from the emancipation process in Central and Eastern Europe that they felt inclined to turn to this form of art.
Many Jewish artists worked as sculptors during the 19th and 20th Century, some of them became quite famous like Chana Orlov, Jacques Lipchitz, Elie Nadelman or Jacob Epstein among others.


A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z ...

Krajcberg, Frans
Birth - Death : 1921-
Nationality : Polish then Brazilian
See Painters' section.
Krajewska, Monika
Birth - Death : Active from the second half of the 20th Century
Nationality : Polish
Painter. Krajewska who converted to Judaism painted many Talmudic representations during her career.
Krajewski, Juliusz
Birth - Death : 1905 -?
Nationality : Polish
Krajewski produced works depicting Jewish scenes.
Krakauer, Leopold
Birth - Death : 1890-1954
Nationality : Austrian then Israeli
After studying painting in Vienna Krakauer immigrated to Palestine in 1924 with his wife, the artist Greta Krakauer Wolf, and settled in Jerusalem. He was active as a painter and architect.
Krakauer, Wolf Greta
Birth - Death : 1899-1970
Nationality : Austrian then Israeli
Greta was the wife of Leopold Krakauer. She started a career as a painter in Israel in 1924.
Kramer, Jacob
Birth - Death : 1892-1962
Nationality : Ukrainian then British
Kramer, whose family settled in Leeds, England, when he was eight studied at the Slade School in 1912 with the help of the Jewish Education Aid Society and notably befriended David Bomberg and Mark Gertler. Kramer produced paintings in a cubist/vorticist manner and notably painted rabbinical themes.
Krasner, Lee
Birth - Death : 1908 or 1912- 1984
Nationality : American
Painter. Born to an immigrant Russian-Jewish couple, Lena, who changed her first name to Lenore and then Lee, trained at the Cooper Union, the Art Students League and the Academy of Design in New York. She also took college courses and in spite of the Great Depression never gave up hope of becoming a full-time artist. In 1934, she was accepted for employment by the Public Works of Art Project, the first of the New Deal art patronage programs. She studied in 1937 under Hans Hoffmann until 1940. Discarding old orthodoxies she revised her language before joining the American Abstract Artists. In 1941, she met Jackson Pollock and was much impressed by his work. In fact, their meeting proved decisive and led to their marriage in 1945. Although she acknowledged Pollock's superior gifts, she rather worked under the influence of Matisse and Mondrian. Lee Krasner produced some beautiful and captivating series of collage paintings in the mid-1950s and gained attention in the New York art world. In 1946, she changed her style and gave a prominent role to human, animal and plant forms in her paintings that often alluded to the natural world's cycle of birth and death. In the following years, her relationship with Pollock deteriorated as he was drinking heavily and had taken a mistress. After his death in a car accident, she was deeply grieved but found in painting a kind of antidote to her problems. At the end of 1962, she suffered a near-fatal brain aneurysm that hampered her work during almost two years. She however managed to pursue her career and achieved recognition as a main contributor to modern American art. A few months before her death she had her first full retrospective exhibition at the Houston Museum of Fine Arts. Bio written by Helen Harrison, Director, Pollock-Krasner House
Krasnodebski, Piotr
Birth - Death : 1876-1928
Nationality : Polish
Krasnodebski depicted Jews going to a synagogue in one of his paintings.
Krasnow Peter
Birth - Death : 1886-1979
Nationality : Ukrainian then American
Painter, wood sculptor and lithographer. Krasnow moved at 17 to the U.S and was active in Boston, New York and Chicago before he settled in Los Angeles. Between 1930 and 1934, he stayed in southern France. He then lived in California until his death. This artist painted mother and child themes, landscapes and French village life.
Krasny, Yuri
Birth - Death : 1925-
Nationality : Russian
After studying art in Moscow during four years from 1946, Krasny was deported to Central Asia between 1950 and 1953 and returned to the Soviet capital in 1954. He became a member of the Soviet Artists' Union in 1957 and settled in Israel in 1972. Working mainly as an illustrator, he produced paintings in the style of the Columbian artist Botero.
Kraszewski, Jozef Ignacy
Birth - Death : 1812-1887
Nationality : Polish
Kraszewski painted some Judaic scenes in Poland.
Kratko, Ber
Birth - Death : Active at the end of the 19th Century
Nationality : Polish
Ber Kratko worked as a painter in Warsaw.
Kratko, Boris
Birth - Death : Active during the early 20th Century
Nationality : Russian
Boris Kratko worked as an illustrator.
Kratko, Szymon
Birth - Death : 19th-20th Century
Nationality : Polish
Sculptor.
Kratochwil, Marian
Birth - Death : 1906-
Nationality : Polish
Kratochwil painted many Judaic portraits in Poland.
Kratsman Yuri
Birth - Death : 20th-21st Century
Nationality : Israeli
Photographer.
Kraus, Eilit
Birth - Death : 20th-21st Century
Nationality : Israeli
Painter.
Krawczyk, Jerzy
Birth - Death : 1921-1969
Nationality : Polish
In 1964, Krawczyk produced a work with collages in the form of a package depicting human outcasts Jews
Kremegne, Pinchus
Birth - Death : 1890-1981
Nationality : Byelorussian then French
Kremegne was the ninth and last child of a religious family living in the region of Wilno where he studied sculpture at 19. He befriended Soutine in Wilno but feeling he had no future in Russia he decided to go to Paris in 1912. Kremegne exhibited his sculptures at the Salon des Independants in 1914 and turned to painting a year later. After settling in Montparnasse he frequented Kikoine, Max Jacob, Derain and Vlaminck and discovered in 1918 the village of Ceret, where he often worked. In 1940, Kremegne thought refuge in southwest France and returned to Paris after the war. Kremegne lived in Israel between 1949 and 1956 and worked in Ceret from the early 1960s until his death.
Kremer, Jonathan
Birth - Death : Active from 1972
Nationality : American
Hebrew calligraphic artist.
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