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Around Jewish Art

The seemingly effortless process by which a suitable title is selected for an encyclopedia such as this became exponentially more complex and difficult as I explored the available options and heard the mounting arguments from all sides. Finding the right mix of words was crucial. After pondering the subject for several months in an effort to arrive at the best possible title, I finally opted for "Around Jewish Art."

PART I
Artists of Jewish Extraction Who Did Not Paint Judaic Scenes

PART 2
List of artists of Jewish extraction who painted Jewish scenes or whose works came to reflect their attachment to their roots.


PART III
There were also some non-Jewish artists who painted Judaic and Jewish scenes or went to work in Palestine and those who exhibited in Jewish institutions and museums as well as others who have not been identified as being Jewish for sure.

PART IV
Sculptors and medallists
Probably because of a reference in the Bible to Abraham destroying statues of pagan gods, Jewish artists refrained from producing sculptures representing humans until at least the 19th Century. It was only after 1880, when many Jews benefited from the emancipation process in Central and Eastern Europe that they felt inclined to turn to this form of art.
Many Jewish artists worked as sculptors during the 19th and 20th Century, some of them became quite famous like Chana Orlov, Jacques Lipchitz, Elie Nadelman or Jacob Epstein among others.


A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z ...

Magnasco, Alessandro called Lissandrino
Birth - Death : 1667-1749
Nationality : Italian
Magnasco painted at least a synagogue scene and produced many biblical scenes during his career.
Magnasco, Stefano
Birth - Death : 1635-after 1681
Nationality : Italian
Stefano Magnasco painted some biblical scenes during his career.
Magyar, Mannheimer Gusztav
Birth - Death : 1859-1937
Nationality : Hungarian
This painter of genre scenes, landscapes and frescoes exhibited his works in Munich in 1892, Vienna in 1894 and Paris in 1900.
Mahler, Anna
Birth - Death : 1904-1968
Nationality : German
Anna Mahler was the daughter of Gustav, the famous musician, and Alma Mahler. She first studied painting under Giorgio de Chirico and then sculpture with Yoruba in Vienna, where she lived until the Anschluss in 1938. She then went to Paris, but the outbreak of the Second World War forced her to flee to London. Mahler then settled in California and produced bronze and stone works during her career.
Mahler, Yuval
Birth - Death : 20th Century
Nationality : Israeli
Painter.
Maillet (Mayer), Leo called Maillet
Birth - Death : 1902-1990
Nationality : German then Swiss
Mayer initially trained in banking and retail sales before attending the Frankfurt Art Academy after 1925. He then became a student of Max Beckmann in 1930 and worked in Frankfurt, where he received in 1932 the city's Goethe Prize for an oil painting titled “Street on the Banks of the Main”. When the Nazis assumed power Mayer fled in 1933 to Luxembourg and later to England and Belgium. He settled in Paris in 1935, earning a living as a photographer but exhibiting widely as an artist. At the outbreak of the war, Maillet was briefly interned and fled to southern France, where he hid with his wife without valid papers. Mayer was arrested in a police round-up of Jews in St-Remy-de-Provence in 1942 and escaped. He was however recaptured almost instantly and deported to the camp of “Les Milles” in Aix-en-Provence, where he produced many drawings. He was then sent to Rivesaltes and escaped by jumping off a train near Vierzon during his transfer to Drancy. Suffering from severe bruises, he traveled by night, finding help from priests, who helped him cross the demarcation line into the south. After finding his wife in Tarascon, he was forced to flee into the Cevennes mountains when the Germans occupied the south of France. While his mother was arrested in Frankfurt and subsequently murdered in a Nazi concentration camp, he lived disguised as a shepherd under the name of Leo Maillet, which he kept after the war. In 1943, the Gestapo destroyed his studio in Paris, where most of his oils and etchings from the 1920s and 1930s were stored. Mayer managed to flee to Switzerland in 1944 but was interned again for having crossed the border illegally. Freed by the Swiss authorities in 1945, he studied in Basel and Lausanne and settled in Switzerland, where he notably produced numerous illustrations of Kafka's works. Maillet often exhibited Expressionist paintings, drawings, collages and engravings in Switzerland, Germany, Holland, Italy and in the U.S, notably at the “Art of the Holocaust” exhibition held in Washington in 1981.
Maimon, Isaac
Birth - Death : 1951-
Nationality : Israeli
Painter. Maimon attended the Avni Institute in Tel Aviv before pursuing his studies in Paris between 1978 and 1980. Back in Israel he taught at the School of Visual Arts in Beer-Sheva and the Kaye Art Academy and the Ben Gurion University.
Mairovich or Meyrovitz, Zvi
Birth - Death : 1906 or 1911-1974
Nationality : Polish then Israeli
Born in Poland, Mairovich immigrated to Palestine in 1934. He took part in the first “New Horizons” exhibitions in Tel Aviv and was three times a recipient of the Dizengoff Prize. Mairovich lived in Paris in 1949-1950 but only began painting abstracts during the late 1950s.
Majaro-Mintz, Lea
Birth - Death : Active from the last quarter of the 20th Century
Nationality : Israeli
Majaro-Mintz's forbears came to the Holy Land in 1740. She studied at the Bezalel Academy and then produced many wall relief works notably.
Majmon, Mojzesz
Birth - Death : 1860-1923
Nationality : Lithuanian
He painted works depicting Jewish scenes during his career.
Majzels, J.
Birth - Death : 20th Century
Nationality : Polish
Painter.
Makowski, Czeslaw
Birth - Death : 1873-1921
Nationality : Polish
Makowski produced a plaster bust of a Polish Jewess.
Malbin, Orsula
Birth - Death : 20th-21st Century
Nationality : Israeli
Painter.
Malcho, Simon
Birth - Death : 1745-after 1793
Nationality : Danish
Malcho painted biblical scenes during his career.
Malczewski, Jacek
Birth - Death : 1854-1929
Nationality : Polish
Malczewski painted several Judaic portraits in Poland.
Malewsky, S. de
Birth - Death : 1905-1973
Nationality : Russian
Malewsky frequented the Grande Chaumiere and Julian academies in Paris during the 1920s. He then enlisted in the French Army in 1939 and reached England less than a year later after his rescue from Dunkirk. Malewsky started to exhibit his works from 1955 in Paris and showed them in New York in 1961 but soon gave up painting. He first produced academic paintings and then veered towards abstraction for a while before working as a post-Impressionist artist. Malewsky notably painted landscapes in France, Spain, North Africa, Greece and Palestine.
Malinowski, Adam
Birth - Death : 1831-1892
Nationality : Polish
Malinowski produced some Judaic scenes in Poland.
Malka, Moshe
Birth - Death : 20th-21st Century
Nationality : French then Israeli
Painter and printmaker. Malka settled in Paris in 1966. He notably took part in an exhibition titled “From Bonnard to Baselitz” in 1992 in Paris.
Malkin, David
Birth - Death : 1910-?
Nationality : Russian
Malkin was the grandson of a calligrapher specialising in the production of Hebrew prayer books. He went to Palestine in 1934 and fought with the British Army in Italy during World War Two and settled in Florence, where he studied at the Academy of Fine Arts. He exhibited his works, notably sculptures and abstract paintings, in Jerusalem, Florence, Rome and Paris, where he eventually settled in 1955. He produced abstract works under the influence of Bissiere and turned to the representation of Jewish scenes during the 1970s, notably celebrating Hassidic mysticism. Malkin also painted clowns as well as still lifes and tried to carry out new experiments that led him to total abstraction.
Malkin, David
Birth - Death : 1910-?
Nationality : Ukrainian
Malkin was the grandson of a calligrapher specialising in the production of Hebrew prayer books. He went to Palestine in 1934 and fought with the British Army in Italy during World War Two. After settling in Florence, where he studied at the Academy of Fine Arts, he exhibited his works, notably sculptures and abstract paintings, in Jerusalem, Florence, Rome and Paris. He first produced figurative sculptures and then was inspired by forms suggesting Hebrew letters. Working in France from 1955, Malkin also produced works depicting Hassidim.
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