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Around Jewish Art

The seemingly effortless process by which a suitable title is selected for an encyclopedia such as this became exponentially more complex and difficult as I explored the available options and heard the mounting arguments from all sides. Finding the right mix of words was crucial. After pondering the subject for several months in an effort to arrive at the best possible title, I finally opted for "Around Jewish Art."

PART I
Artists of Jewish Extraction Who Did Not Paint Judaic Scenes

PART 2
List of artists of Jewish extraction who painted Jewish scenes or whose works came to reflect their attachment to their roots.


PART III
There were also some non-Jewish artists who painted Judaic and Jewish scenes or went to work in Palestine and those who exhibited in Jewish institutions and museums as well as others who have not been identified as being Jewish for sure.

PART IV
Sculptors and medallists
Probably because of a reference in the Bible to Abraham destroying statues of pagan gods, Jewish artists refrained from producing sculptures representing humans until at least the 19th Century. It was only after 1880, when many Jews benefited from the emancipation process in Central and Eastern Europe that they felt inclined to turn to this form of art.
Many Jewish artists worked as sculptors during the 19th and 20th Century, some of them became quite famous like Chana Orlov, Jacques Lipchitz, Elie Nadelman or Jacob Epstein among others.


A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z ...

Okun, Alexander Sasha
Birth - Death : 20th-21st Century
Nationality : Israeli
Alexander Okun has been working as a painter in Jerusalem were he has also been teaching at the Bezalel Academy.
Olej, Mieczyslaw
Birth - Death : 1898-After 1945
Nationality : Polish
Olej studied under Lovis Corinth in Berlin and at the Academie de la Grande Chaumiere in Paris. A member of the “Start” group, he painted landscapes and portraits. Olej settled in the U.S at the end of World War Two.
Olenick, Jackie
Birth - Death : 20th-21st Century
Nationality : American
Painter. She has been producing Judaic folk art works.
Olere or Oler, David called Olere
Birth - Death : 1902-1985
Nationality : Polish
Oler studied painting in Warsaw until 1918 and went to Berlin, where he was hired in 1921 as a decorator by the Europaische Film Allianz firm. He notably worked with Ernst Lubitsch before settling in 1923 in Paris, where he worked for several film companies. At the outbreak of World War Two he was drafted into the French Army and returned to civilian life after France's defeat. Arrested in February 1943, he was detained in Drancy and then deported to Auschwitz. In January 1945 he was among thousands of inmates who were forced to walk non-stop by retreating Nazi troops. Oler was successively transferred to the camps of Mathausen, Melck and Ebensee before U.S troops freed him. After the war he published 50 drawings depicting the horrors of Nazi camps, which are now in the Museum of Jewish Heritage in New York.
Olitski, Jules
Birth - Death : 1922-
Nationality : Byelorussian then American
Olitski studied painting at the National Academy of Design in New York between 1939 and 1942 and sculpture with Zadkine in 1949 in Paris before frequenting the Academy of La Grande Chaumiere until 1952. While in Paris he evolved towards geometrical abstraction under the influence of Malevich and Mondrian and exhibited his works at the “Huit” gallery. Back in New York, he showed his paintings at the Iolas and Zodiac galleries and abroad, notably in London, Madrid and Paris. Considered as a major figure of post-pictorial abstraction as well of Minimal painting in the U.S Olitski produced “stain paintings” between 1958 and 1965 and then “Spray paintings” until 1970. Around 2000, Olitski painted abstract works relating to the Bible like “Dream of Isaac” or “Dream of Abraham. He exhibited his works in 1967 at the Jewish Museum in New York. "
Olomucki, (-a) Halina
Birth - Death : 20th Century
Nationality : Polish then Israeli
Olomucki studied art in Warsaw, where she lived through the miseries of the ghetto. For a time she worked with a detachment of workers outside the walls of the ghetto and thus managed to smuggle some drawings to friends living on the Aryan side. She was then deported to Majdanek, where she escaped death several times. In the final selection she was in a group that was to be gassed but the Nazis mistakenly sent a “Labour” group to the gas chamber and she survived. She was then deported to Auschwitz, where she completed some 200 drawings. After the liberation, she returned to Warsaw and studied art in Lodz. Olomucki settled in France in 1957 and went in 1972 to live in Israel. Her work was haunted by her wartime experiences in Poland.
Olson, Doug
Birth - Death : 20th-21st Century
Nationality : American
Painter. Olson notably produced in 2002 an oil painting on masonite titled “Moishe Rosen with Fadwa Alhamzi”.
Olszynski, Marcin
Birth - Death : 1829-1904
Nationality : Polish
Olszynski reputedly painted some Jewish scenes in Poland.
Oludwinsky, Izzy
Birth - Death : Active from the last third of the 20th Century
Nationality : Israeli
Painter.
Omer, Aliza
Birth - Death : 20th-21st Century
Nationality : Israeli
Painter.
Omri Avraham
Birth - Death : 20th-21st Century
Nationality : Israeli
Painter.
Omri, Avraham
Birth - Death : 1914-?
Nationality : Yugoslav then Israeli
Omri studied art in Belgrade before he immigrated to Palestine in 1934. He first worked in a kibbutz and then devoted his time to art. He mostly produced mosaic works during his career.
Onne, Eyal
Birth - Death : 20th-21st Century
Nationality : British then Israeli
Onne received a M.A in history of Photography in 1979 in Manchester and after studying creative photography in Nottingham between 1975 and 1978. Living in Jerusalem from 1980, he taught in several schools and curated many exhibitions in Israel.
Oost, Jakob van
Birth - Death : 1601-1671
Nationality : Flemish
Van Oost painted some biblical scenes during his career.
Opitz, Georg
Birth - Death : 1775-1841
Nationality : German
Opitz painted a work showing the dedication of a synagogue in the Alsace region in 1820. He also produced some engravings depicting Jewish merchants in Leipzig.
Oppenheim, David
Birth - Death : 1937-
Nationality : French
Painter. Oppenheim has been working in Marseilles, Southern France.
Oppenheim, Dennis
Birth - Death : 1938-
Nationality : American
Based in New York in 1967, Oppenheim worked as a painter and sculptor. Specialized in conceptual, minimal and body art, he took part in many exhibitions in the U.S, in Europe, in Israel and in Japan. Until 1967 he produced Minimal works and then became an exponent of Land' art using large areas to create artistic installations. He also went on to create installations animated with puppets and objects or strange factories with geometric elements. At the end of the 1980,s Oppenheim produced his “Virus” series composed with baroque assemblages in steel, wood, stone or rubber, which exhaled his inclination to tackle all possible experimentations.
Oppenheim, Louis
Birth - Death : Active during the 19th Century
Nationality : German
Portrait painter. Louis Oppenheim exhibited his works in Berlin between 1840 and 1844.
Oppenheim, Meret
Birth - Death : 1913-1985
Nationality : German
Born in Berlin, Meret Oppenheim came in 1932 to Paris, where she studied painting at the famous Grande Chaumiere Academy. She befriended Jan Arp and Alberto Giacometti and became one of Man Ray's models. Quite provocative, she led a somewhat dissipated life in Paris but managed to take part in many exhibitions there and also in New York, where she caused some sensation during the Fantastic Art, Dada and Surrealism Show and in Copenhagen before World War Two. After seeking refuge in Switzerland during the war, meret Oppenheim came back to the French capital and exhibited her works several times until her death. Her fur dinner set shown in 1936 in New York, with cup, saucer and spoon covered with fur became a symbol of Surrealism and was acquired by the Museum of Modern Art. After 1937, Meret OppenHeim had several nervous breakdowns that affected her activity during at least 17 years. During the 1959 International Surrealist Exhibition, she again made sensation with “The Feast”, a dinner served by a naked woman wearing a gold mask.
Oppenheim, Moritz Daniel
Birth - Death : 1800-1882
Nationality : German
Oppenheim studied painting at the Stadelische Institute in Frankfurt. He pursued his studies in Munich in 1818 and in Paris. He stayed four years in Rome between 1821 and 1825 and returned to Frankfurt where he became a prominent artist. He exhibited his works in Berlin from 1826 and notably produced many superb Judaic scenes.
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