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Around Jewish Art
Group : 9 entries PART IV Sculptors and medallists Probably
because of a reference in the Bible to Abraham destroying statues of
pagan gods, Jewish artists refrained from producing sculptures
representing humans until at least the 19th Century. It was only after
1880, when many Jews benefited from the emancipation process in Central
and Eastern Europe that they felt inclined to turn to this form of art.Many
Jewish artists worked as sculptors during the 19th and 20th Century,
some of them became quite famous like Chana Orlov, Jacques Lipchitz,
Elie Nadelman or Jacob Epstein among others.
Zabari, Moshe Birth - Death : 20th Century Nationality : Israeli
Zabari worked as a silversmith specialising in the production of religious artifacts.
Zalmen Birth - Death : 19th Century Nationality : Polish
Zalmen produced relief works in the synagogue of Cracow.
Zaretzki, Dan Birth - Death : 1938- Nationality : Israeli
Sculptor. Zaretki studied sculpture with Rudi Lehmann and furthered his studies in Italy before working in the Artists' Village in Ein Hod.
Zavadsky, Lidia Birth - Death : 20th Century Nationality : Polish then Israeli
Zavadsky settled in Israel in 1961 and studied at the Bezalel Academy in Jerusalem before teaching there in 1965. She then became head of the Ceramics Department of this school in 1987. Zavadsky took part in several exhibitions showing ceramic works in Israel and abroad.
Zelikson, Serge Birth - Death : 1890-? Nationality : Russian then French
Zelikson settled in 1912 in Paris, where he studied at the school of Beaux-Arts with Landowsky and Bouchard. He exhibited his works in many Salons in Paris and in France.
Ziffer, Moshe Birth - Death : 1902-1989 Nationality : Polish then Israeli
Ziffer settled in Palestine in 1917 and first worked as a road constructor between 1919 and 1925. He then studied in Vienna between 1925 and 1928 and at the Academy in Berlin until 1933. After spending two years in Paris, where he was deeply influenced by Maillol, Ziffer returned for good to Palestine in 1939. This sculptor worked in a traditional style near Tel Aviv, before he experimented with more stylised forms influenced by Art Deco.
Zilzer, Hajnalka Birth - Death : 1893-? Nationality : Hungarian
Zilzer studied with M. Ligeti and then produced sculptures representing busts of peasants.
Zorach, William Birth - Death : 1887- 1966 Nationality : Lithuanian then American
Born in Lithuania, Zorach came to the U.S with his family in 1891. He first studied painting at the Cleveland Institute of Art from 1902 to 1905 and at the Academy of Design in New York between 1908 and 1910. He then went to Paris, where he pursued his studies at the Academie de la Palette and met Marguerite Thompson whom he married. He exhibited his works at the Salon d'Automne and returned to the U.S showing his paintings at the Armory Show, at the Society of Independent Artists and at the People's Art Guild in New York. He exhibited his last paintings in Ohio and then worked as a sculptor after 1917. Inspired by Egyptian, Greek and African forms he produced busts, torsos, nudes and animals. He also made some monumental sculptures.
Zuaf-David, Lellya or Lilia Birth - Death : 1923- Nationality : Rumanian then Israeli
Zuaf-David studied art in Bucharest during the war and between 1944 and 1948 before settling in Israel in 1972. She took part in many exhibitions in Israel, Switzerland, France, Italy, Sweden and Germany as well at the Venice Biennale in 1954 and 1956. Zuaf-David notably produced stone and marble statues as well as bronze pieces during her career.