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Around Jewish Art
Group : 26 entries PART IV Sculptors and medallists Probably
because of a reference in the Bible to Abraham destroying statues of
pagan gods, Jewish artists refrained from producing sculptures
representing humans until at least the 19th Century. It was only after
1880, when many Jews benefited from the emancipation process in Central
and Eastern Europe that they felt inclined to turn to this form of art.Many
Jewish artists worked as sculptors during the 19th and 20th Century,
some of them became quite famous like Chana Orlov, Jacques Lipchitz,
Elie Nadelman or Jacob Epstein among others.
Paff, Bashka Birth - Death : 20th Century Nationality : Ukrainian then American
Sculptor. Paff settled in the U.S during his childhood and studied at the School of Fine Arts in Boston as well as in Paris.
Pailes, Isaac Birth - Death : 1895-1978 Nationality : Ukrainian
Pailes settled in Paris in 1919 after studying sculpture in Kiev. He chiefly dedicated himself to painting from 1920 and took part in many Salons in Paris showing landscapes and still lifes.
Pakele, Tom Birth - Death : 20th - 21st Century Nationality : American
Pakele has been producing ceramic Jewish ritual objects.
Paldi, Kati Birth - Death : Active during the 2nd half of the 20th Century Nationality : Hungarian then Israeli
Sculptor. Kati Paldi survived the Holocaust and immigrated to Israel in 1948.
Paris, Persico Harold Birth - Death : 1925-1979 Nationality : American
Sculptor and printmaker. Paris studied under Stanley Hayter at the “Studio 17” in New York in 1949 and pursued his studies in Munich. He produced plastic sculptures from 1950 and also combined plaster and rubber moulds playing with the contrast between soft and hard materials. Paris exhibited his works in many group exhibitions in New York and also in Italy and had two solo shows in Milan in 1969 and Brussels the following year.
Pass, Giacomo de Birth - Death : 1938- Nationality : French
Sculptor See Painters' section
Peer, David Birth - Death : Active from the second half of the 20th Century Nationality : Israeli
Peer taught sculpture in Israel.
Peleg, Ephraim Birth - Death : 1937- Nationality : Polish then Israeli
Peleg immigrated to Palestine in 1945 and studied painting with Stematzky, Giladi and Edwin Solomon between 1963 and 1964. He furthered his studies at the Avni Institute in Tel Aviv and worked in 1972 as an assistant in sculpture at the Bezalel Academy in Jerusalem. Seeking to establish close contact between the Universe and Man he created pieces made of iron and cables.
Perelman, Mordechai Birth - Death : 1901-1955 Nationality : Russian
Perelman studied art in Brussels, where he was awarded a major Prize in 1927. He exhibited his works in many Salons in Paris after settling there during the same year. Perelman was also Chairman of the French Association of Jewish artists between 1946 and 1955.
Perlmuter, Pearl Birth - Death : 1915- Nationality : American then Dutch
Born in New York, Perlmuter studied with Zorach and Zadkine at the Art Students League there. She showed her abstract and gesture-oriented sculptures in many exhibitions in the U.S, Europe and Israel during her career. Married to Wessel Couzijn, a Dutch sculptor, she took her husband's nationality.
Petri, Lajos Birth - Death : 1884-? Nationality : Hungarian
Petri studied with E. Pelcs in Budapest and worked as a sculptor in Brussels between 1909 and 1914.
Pevsner, Antoine Anton Birth - Death : 1884-1962 Nationality : Russian then French
Antoine Pevsner was a master of the Constructivism Movement in Russia. He first studied art in Kiev between 1902 and 1909 and in Saint Petersburg. He then came in 1911 to Paris, where he met Modigliani and Archipenko. From 1915 Pevsner worked closely in Oslo with his brother who worked as a sculptor under the name of Naum Gabo. He returned after the 1917 Revolution to Moscow, where he turned to abstract painting. Teaching at the Vkhutemas Art Studios, he then befriended Kandinsky, Malevich and Tatlin. In 1919, he wrote with his brother the “Realist Manifesto”, better known as the “Constructivist Manifesto”. He however left the Soviet Union in 1923 and joined his brother in Berlin before settling in Paris the following year. From then on he became more active as a sculptor than as a painter. Antoine Pevsner, who reputedly painted his first abstract work in 1913, took part in many exhibitions from the early 1920s. It was in fact during his stay in Oslo in 1915 that he went on to lay the foundations of Constructivism with his brother. Their first joint exhibition corresponding with the principles described in their famous manifesto took place in the gardens of the Tverskoi Boulevard in 1920. However, several Constructivist artists had already been denounced by the Soviet authorities, a fact that probably induced the Pevsner brothers to leave their native country three years later. Antoine Pevsner's widow donated many of his works to the Museum of Modern Art in Paris.
Pevsner, Nahum called Gabo Birth - Death : 1890-1977 Nationality : Russian then American
Gabo was a master of the Constructivism Movement together with his brother Antoine. He first studied medicine and went to Munich in 1909 where he discovered Cubism and befriended Kandinsky. Nahum Pevsner joined his brother in Paris in 1913 and met Archipenko. At the outbreak of World War One, he went to Oslo with his brother and laid the foundations of Constructivism adopting the name of Gabo. He then produced several sculptures before returning in 1917 to Russia and then taught at the Fine Arts Academy of Moscow. Influenced by Archipenko and by Malevich, he wrote the manifesto of Constructivism in 1920 but events in his country led him to decide to settle in Berlin in 1922. During the ten years he spent in Germany he propagated his theories with El Lissitzky and Moholy-Nagy before going in 1932 to Paris, where he had already exhibited his works eight years earlier. Gabo then joined the Abstraction-Creation movement there and went to England during World War Two before settling in the U.S in 1946.
Pfefer or Fefer, David Birth - Death : 1900 ?-? Nationality : Polish
Sculptor. Pfefer produced Expressionist works in Poland.
Pincas (Isaacs), Nili Birth - Death : 1942- Nationality : Israeli
Nili Isaacs first took an interest in painting and tapestry. She then met and married Moreno Pincas during the late 1950s and studied at the School of Beaux-Arts in Paris. Nili Pincas started to exhibit terracotta figures from 1961.This artist showed some richly coloured sculptures at the 1998 Paris Salon of Jewish Contemporary Artists as well at the “Israel-Paris” exhibition in 2000.
Plachte-Zuieback, David Birth - Death : 1949- Nationality : American
David Plachte-Zuieback produced stained glass ritual objects and windows in California.
Plachte-Zuieback, Michelle Birth - Death : 1952- Nationality : American
Michelle Plachte-Zuieback produced stained glass ritual objects and windows with her husband David in California.
Pogany, Willi or Wilmos Andras or William Andrew Birth - Death : 1882-? Nationality : Hungarian
Sculptor. Pogany studied in Munich and in Budapest. He then settled in New York, where he belonged to the Salmagundi Club.
Polasek, Albin Birth - Death : 1879-1965 Nationality : Czech then American
Sculptor. Polasek studied at the Academy in Rome and that of Philadelphia. He was awarded several prizes during his career and notably exhibited his works at the Salon des Artistes Fran‡ais in 1913 in Paris.
Pollak, Elsa Birth - Death : 20th Century Nationality : Czech
Elsa Pollak was deported to Auschwitz with her family in 1944. She survived the Holocaust and went to Vienna in 1949 to study art. She then specialised in ceramic sculpture and worked with Kurt Goebel. Elsa Pollak settled in 1962 in Israel, where she exhibited her works, based mainly on what she witnessed in Auschwitz.