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Around Jewish Art
Group : 12 entries PART IV Sculptors and medallists Probably
because of a reference in the Bible to Abraham destroying statues of
pagan gods, Jewish artists refrained from producing sculptures
representing humans until at least the 19th Century. It was only after
1880, when many Jews benefited from the emancipation process in Central
and Eastern Europe that they felt inclined to turn to this form of art.Many
Jewish artists worked as sculptors during the 19th and 20th Century,
some of them became quite famous like Chana Orlov, Jacques Lipchitz,
Elie Nadelman or Jacob Epstein among others.
Nadelman, Elie Birth - Death : 1882-1946 Nationality : Polish then American
Nadelman studied art in Cracow and Warsaw before staying in Munich during six months. He then came to Paris in 1903 and befriended Picasso, Brancusi, Modigliani, Apollinaire and Gertrude Stein. After settling in the U.S during the First World War, he married Viola Flannery in 1920 and thanks to her wealth he nurtured a passion for collecting. First influenced by Rodin and then by ancient Greek sculpture, Nadelman went on to simplify and reorganise forms rendered in an abstract manner from 1909. He notably exhibited his works in Paris, London and New York. Picasso and Matisse hailed Nadelman as one of the major modern artists.
Nahon, Brigitte Birth - Death : 1960- Nationality : French
Nahon studied sculpture in Aix-en-Provence, southern France. She exhibited her works in Tel Aviv in 1988. Her sculptures, made with various materials, are purposely fragile.
Nashson Birth - Death : 20th- 21st Century Nationality : Israeli
Nashson has been producing stainless steel, crystal and resin Jewish ritual objects in the U.S.
Natra, Sonya Birth - Death : 1925- Nationality : Rumanian then Israeli
Sonia Natra has been teaching sculpture in Israel besides producing female figures.
Navon, Rachel Birth - Death : 20th-21st Century Nationality : Israeli
Neizvestny, Ernst Iosifovich Birth - Death : 1925- Nationality : Russian
Neizvestny volunteered in 1942 and was severely wounded while fighting with a Soviet commando unit against German troops. Following his recovery, he decided to concentrate on sculpture and attended the Latvian Academy of Arts in Riga in 1946 and the Surikov Institute of Arts in Moscow from 1947 until 1955. Neizvestny exhibited his works in Moscow between 1954 and 1958 and had his first solo show there in 1961 before showing his works abroad, notably in London and in Geneva. He also had solo exhibitions at the Musee d'Art Moderne de Paris in 1970, the Tel Aviv Museum of Art in 1972, the Stedelijk Museum in Amsterdam in 1976 and the Stadisches Museum in Leverkusen in 1977. Facing restrictions from the Soviet authorities, Neizvenstny left Russia in 1976 and settled in New York, where he worked as a sculptor, illustrator, lecturer and author.
Neuburger, Jane Ayrel Birth - Death : ?-2000 Nationality : French
Sculptor. Neuburger studied under Brancusi in Paris, where she exhibited her sculptures.
Neumann, Anna Birth - Death : 1906-1955 Nationality : Israeli
Sculptor and graphic artist. See also Painting section
Neurath, Ester Birth - Death : 20th Century Nationality : German then Israeli
Sculptor. Ester Neurath was the daughter of a conservative rabbi. She immigrated to Palestine before World War Two.
Nevelson (Berliawski), Louise Leah Birth - Death : 1899-1988 Nationality : Ukrainian then American
Lea Berliawsky moved with her family from Ukraine to America when she was six. After her marriage in 1920, she first studied drama and dance and then attended the Art Students League in 1924. She went on to study under the direction of the painters Theresa Bernstein and William Meyerowitz and later with Hans Hoffmann in Munich around 1931 and traveled throughout Europe. Back in New York the following year, Nevelson studied again with Hoffmann who had just left Germany and worked as Diego Rivera's assistant on his mural series for the New Workers School in New York in 1933. She continued to paint through the thirties in an Expressionist style, before turning seriously to sculpture in 1934, studying with Chaim Gross at the Educational Alliance Art School. She worked primarily in terra cotta, plaster and bronze. Nevelson's first solo exhibition was held in 1941 at the Nierendorf Gallery in New York, where she exhibited small figures influenced by Cubism and primitive art. She then produced Surrealist assemblages of found objects and wood scraps. She traveled twice to Central America to visit archaeological sites in 1950 and began to work on a larger scale. In 1954, she again employed wood in her sculptures and produced her first wall sculptures two years later, composed of wood relief works in open boxes stacked together. Nevelson's solo exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art in 1959 brought her international acclaim. She created the monumental “Homage to Six Million” in 1964, which was exhibited at the Jewish Museum in New York the following year. Nevelson also completed architectural commissions, including projects for Temple Beth-el in Great Neck, New York 1970
Nir, Dina (Even-Tov) Birth - Death : 20th Century Nationality : Israeli