Cahana, Alice Lok Birth - Death : 1929- Nationality : Hungarian then American
A Holocaust survivor of Auschwitz, Gusen and Bergen-Belsen, she was educated in Israel, Sweden and the United States. Living in Texas, she worked as a painter and poetess.
Calin-Els, Eveline Linica Birth - Death : 1925- Nationality : Rumanian then Israeli
Calin-Els studied painting at the Jewish Art School in Bucharest between 1942 and 1945 and then sculpture at the Academy of Fine Arts there until 1948. She took part in several group exhibitions in Rumania, Israel, Italy and Czechoslovakia and had her first solo exhibition in Bucharest in 1969 and then another in Israel, where she eventually settled and worked as a painter and sculptor.
Capa (Friedmann), Kornel called Capa Birth - Death : 1918- Nationality : Hungarian
Brother of Endrei Friedmann called Capa, Kornel worked as a photographer. He notably visited Israel several times and covered the Six-Day War in 1967.
Capa (Friedmann), Robert Endrei called Capa Birth - Death : 1913-1954 Nationality : Hungarian
Robert Capa became famous as a reporting photographer during the Spanish civil war during the 1930s. Many of his works, notably his celebrated print of a Republican fighter shot down in action, were later exhibited around the world. He also covered the creation of the State of Israel in 1948. Co-founder of the Magnum photographic press agency, Robert Capa died on a reporting mission in Indochina in 1954 after stepping on a landmine.
Caplan, Stephanie Birth - Death : Active during the 2nd half of the 20th Century Nationality : American
Caplan has been designing Ketubot Jewish marriage certificates
Carasso, Dorit Birth - Death : 20th-21st Century Nationality : Israeli
Painter. Carasso has been producing figurative symbolic works mixed with abstract forms.
Carmeli, Varda Birth - Death : 20th-21st Century Nationality : Israeli
Varda Carmeli lived and worked as a painter in Latin America and in Spain. Her works are represented in many private collections in Israel and abroad.
Caspi, Mickie Birth - Death : Active from the last third of the 20th Century Nationality : American then Israeli
Caspi has been creating Judaic art since 1980, notably Ketubot marriage certificates
Castel, Moshe Birth - Death : 1909-1992 Nationality : Israeli
Castel was the son of rabbi in Jerusalem whose ancestors had come to Palestine from Spain in 1492. He first studied at the Bezalel Academy between 1922 and 1925 and then lived between 1927 and 1940 in Paris, where he exhibited his Expressionist works several times. Back in Palestine at the outbreak of the Second World War, he co-founded the “New Horizons Group” in 1948 and then stayed in the U.S between 1951 and 1953. Working then as an abstract painter, he was awarded the Sao Paulo Biennial prize in 1959. Castel was much influenced by Jewish traditions and notably by Chagall and Soutine during his stay in Paris.
Cederboum, Nourit Birth - Death : 1949- Nationality : Israeli
Nourit Cederboum first studied art at Haifa University and worked as a painter and sculptor.
Cegla, Rachel Birth - Death : Active during the second half of the 20th Century Nationality : German then Israeli
Painter. Cegla studied art in Hamburg before she immigrated to Palestine in 1933. She then worked in the Artists' colony of Safed.
Celnikier, Isaac Birth - Death : 1923- Nationality : Polish then French
Celnikier was detained in the ghetto of Bialystok at 16 and then in the Nazi concentration camp of Auschwitz in 1943. Surviving the Holocaust he studied painting in Poland after 1945 and then went to Czechoslovakia, where he worked under Emil Filla. He settled in 1957 in Paris and made frequent trips to Israel, where he exhibited his works, which were reminiscent of Soutine and Picasso. Several of his paintings are on permanent display in some Israeli museums.
Chaaltiel, Joseph Birth - Death : 20th Century Nationality : Israeli
Chagall (Shegal), Marc Birth - Death : 1887-1985 Nationality : Russian then French
Chagall became the greatest Jewish artist of all times spending his entire life painting biblical and Judaic themes. He was above all a Russian painter marked by his Jewish origins and also a poet for whom the Bible was an essential source of inspiration. The eldest son of a family of nine children, he lived in a shtetl in Byelorussia and received a strong Jewish education. He first studied in Vitebsk under Yehuda Penn and in Saint Petersburg in 1907 before frequenting the Zvanseva Art School, where he received the teaching of Leon Bakst. In 1909, Chagall fell in love with Bella Rosenberg and started to meet success in Russia. He went in 1911 to Paris, where he settled at La Ruche and pursued his studies at the Academies of La Palette and La Grande Chaumiere. He then met Apollinaire, Max Jacob, Modigliani, Robert Delaunay, Blaise Cendrars and La Fresnaye. Chagall exhibited his works for the first time in 1912 at the Salon des Independants, the year he was introduced by Moshe Kogan to Herwarth Walden, head of the Der Sturm Gallery, who showed his works in Berlin in 1914. The same year he went to Vitebsk to visit his family and Bella but the outbreak of the First World War prevented him from returning to Paris. Chagall married Bella in 1915 and exhibited his works with the painters of the “Knave of Diamonds” group a year later in Moscow. Despite discovering Cubism and Impressionism he remained much attached to his roots. Chagall played an active role during the Soviet Revolution after his appointment as Commissary for the Arts in Vitebsk and headed the new Academy there but his rather liberal attitude led to a dispute with Malevich and to his disgrace in 1919. He then went on to work for the Moscow Jewish Theatre in 1920 and settled in Paris after a stay in Berlin three years later. Back in his studio at La Ruche, Chagall discovered that some 150 works he had left before his departure to Vitebsk in 1914 had been sold during his absence. He then visited Brittany with Sonia and Robert Delaunay as well as southern and central France before going to Palestine in 1931. Chagall had an important retrospective exhibition in Basel in 1933 while his natural anguish, which amplified when the Nazis took power in Germany, notably led him to paint themes of the Crucifixion. He then visited Spain in 1934, Poland in 1935 and Italy in 1937, the year he acquired French citizenship while at the same moment the Nazis were derisively showing his works at the exhibition on “Degenerate Art” in Munich. After the French Army was defeated in 1940, Chagall sought refuge in southern France and was arrested in Marseilles. He however managed to be freed thank to the intervention of the American consul and did not miss the opportunity to flee to the U.S. He then exhibited at the Pierre Matisse Gallery in New York and visited Mexico before producing decors for the Russian Ballets. Much affected by Bella's death, which occurred on September 2nd 1944, Chagall worked less during at least two years but however designed the decors and costumes for the “Firebird” Ballet at the New York Opera house. He returned in 1948 to Paris, where he found that his studio had been ransacked during the war and then married Valentine Vava
Chaicov (Tchaikov), Iosif Birth - Death : 1888-1986 Nationality : Ukrainian
Chaicov was one of the most active promoters of the Jewish national art movement. He notably wrote the first book on modern sculpture in Yiddish and gained distinction among the experimental sculptors of the early Soviet period before turning to Social Realism. In 1908 he attracted the attention of Naum Aronson and thanks to his help went between 1910 and 1914 to Paris, where he notably frequented the studio of La Ruche. Chaicov also attended the School of Beaux-Arts and exhibited at the Salon d'Automne in 1913 before returning to Kiev at the end of the First World War. He then met Lissitzky and Alexandra Exter, settled in Moscow and became a member of the Association of Russian Sculptors of which he became president in 1929. He pursued an official career after exhibiting in Berlin between 1922 and 1923 and in Paris in 1925. Influenced by Rodin, as well as by Archipenko, Lipchitz and Picasso during his first stay in Paris, Chaicov particularly strove to develop the alliance of the Jewish heritage with universal art. After 1930 he turned to social-realist themes imposed by Soviet authorities. He worked as an illustrator but was better known as a sculptor. Celebrated in the Soviet Union, he notably had one-man shows in Moscow in 1948, 1959 and 1979.
Chalom, Ruth Birth - Death : 20th Century Nationality : Israeli
Chanan, David Birth - Death : 1966- Nationality : Georgian then Israeli
Painter. Chanan frequented the Academy of Art in Tbilissi and also studied music before he immigrated to Israel in 1991. He exhibited his paintings in several galleries in Jerusalem and took part in exhibitions in the U.S sponsored by the Jewish Community Center in Miami, Boca Raton, Palm Beach and San Diego.
Chanco, Pauletta Birth - Death : Active from the last quarter of the 20th Century Nationality : American
Chapiro, Jacques Birth - Death : 1887-1972 Nationality : Byelorussian then French
Chapiro was born in Dvinsk, where his father was working as a sculptor on wood. He showed some incredible artistic talents as a child and studied at the Fine Art Academy of Kharkov at 18 and then at the Fine Art Academy of Kiev in 1918. Chapiro taught art in Dniepropetrovsk in 1919 and worked for the Soviet State producing murals. After heading a Children's school in 1920 and attending the Academy of Fine Arts of Leningrad, the artist produced decors in a Constructivist style for the Meyerhold Theatre of Moscow and took part in many exhibitions. Feeling that his future was becoming uncertain in the Soviet Union he then settled in France in 1925 and started to take part in several exhibitions the following year at the Salons d'Automne, of the Tuileries, of the independent painters and the Surindependants. During the Second World War Chapiro sought refuge in Carpentras and then in the French Alps. He painted figures, landscapes, still lifes and interiors with a somewhat violent touch reminiscent of that exhaled by the artists of the Expressionist movement. Chapiro, who truly belonged to the Jewish movement of the School of Paris, also produced some Judaic scenes.
Charka, Udi Birth - Death : 1969- Nationality : Israeli
Art photographer and sculptor. He graduated from the Beit Beri College School art in 1997.