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Around Jewish Art

The seemingly effortless process by which a suitable title is selected for an encyclopedia such as this became exponentially more complex and difficult as I explored the available options and heard the mounting arguments from all sides. Finding the right mix of words was crucial. After pondering the subject for several months in an effort to arrive at the best possible title, I finally opted for "Around Jewish Art."

PART I
Artists of Jewish Extraction Who Did Not Paint Judaic Scenes

PART 2
List of artists of Jewish extraction who painted Jewish scenes or whose works came to reflect their attachment to their roots.


PART III
There were also some non-Jewish artists who painted Judaic and Jewish scenes or went to work in Palestine and those who exhibited in Jewish institutions and museums as well as others who have not been identified as being Jewish for sure.

PART IV
Sculptors and medallists
Probably because of a reference in the Bible to Abraham destroying statues of pagan gods, Jewish artists refrained from producing sculptures representing humans until at least the 19th Century. It was only after 1880, when many Jews benefited from the emancipation process in Central and Eastern Europe that they felt inclined to turn to this form of art.
Many Jewish artists worked as sculptors during the 19th and 20th Century, some of them became quite famous like Chana Orlov, Jacques Lipchitz, Elie Nadelman or Jacob Epstein among others.


A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z ...

* ? Rubinlicht, Fiszel Feliks
Birth - Death : 1889-1939
Nationality : Polish
Rubinlicht was the brother of Natalia Landau, of Franciszka Fredel
* ? Voerman, Jan
Birth - Death : 1857-1941
Nationality : Dutch
Painter of landscapes, city views and still lifes. Some of Voerman's works are on permanent display at the Jewish Museum in Amsterdam.
* ?Cygler, Samuel
Birth - Death : 1898-1943
Nationality : Polish
Painter. Cygler belonged to the “Zwornik” group in Cracow between 1929 and 1939. This artist produced many engravings referring to Jewish life in Poland. The Nazis presumably killed him during World War Two.
* ?Janko, Ernst
Birth - Death : ?- 1943?
Nationality : Rumanian
This artist produced drawings during the pogrom that took place in June 1941 in Jassy, Rumania. No other information was found about Janko's life or career.
* Grunsweigh or Grunzweig, Nathan
Birth - Death : 1880-1943
Nationality : Polish
Grunsweigh settled in Paris before World War One after he had already produced genre paintings and landscapes in Poland. He continued to work in France and also painted some Jewish scenes. Arrested and deported in 1943 he was murdered in a Nazi extermination camp.
* Kitz, Marcin
Birth - Death : 1891-1943
Nationality : Polish
Kitz studied at the Technical University in Lodz and painting at the same time in Cracow between 1919 and 1920. He completed his studies in Berlin, Munich and Vienna and painted frequently genre scenes and landscapes in an Impressionist style. Kitz perished in the Lwow Ghetto during World War Two.
* Welczer-Szwajger, Lucja
Birth - Death : 1910-1942
Nationality : Polish
Welczer-Srwajger worked as a portrait painter and notably depicted a yeshiva boy in one of her paintings of 1932 as well as orthodox Jews in other works. She disappeared during World War Two.
*? Beer, Salomon Fritz
Birth - Death : 20th Century
Nationality : Czech
Beer produced drawings in the ghetto of Theresienstadt during his detention. He presumably was a victim of the Holocaust.
*? Citron-Milsztajn (Muhlstein), Franciszka
Birth - Death : Active during the first half of the 20th Century
Nationality : Polish
Painter. Citron-Milsztajn worked in Lwow and participated in several exhibitions of Jewish art there between 1919 and 1934. She presumably disappeared during the Second World War.
*? Cytryn, Franciszka
Birth - Death : 1909-?
Nationality : Polish
Franciszka Cytryn studied painting in Warsaw from 1929. She took part in an exhibition in Wilno in 1935 and was presumably killed by the Nazis during World War Two.
*? Mussil, Mieczylaw
Birth - Death : 20th Century
Nationality : Polish
Mussil was detained in 1941 in the Warsaw Ghetto, where he produced drawings. Nothing is known about the life of this artist who presumably died during World War Two.
*? Stein, Georges
Birth - Death : 1870-?
Nationality : French
Stein produced paintings depicting Parisian scenes. He presumably disappeared during World War Two.
*?Adler, Miklos
Birth - Death : 1909-1945
Nationality : Hungarian
Painter.
*?Anstein or Einstein, Resia
Birth - Death : 1910-?
Nationality : Polish
Painter.
*?Balint, Rezso
Birth - Death : 1885-1945
Nationality : Hungarian
Painter.
*?Bardocz, Dezso
Birth - Death : 1880-1944
Nationality : Hungarian
Painter.
*?Basch, Arpad
Birth - Death : Hungarian
Nationality : 1873-1944
Arpad Basch studied at the School of Art and Trade in Budapest under Karlovsky, in Munich and in Paris under Bonnat and J.P Laurens. He also produced posters and was the artistic director of the "Magyar Genius" periodical. This painter was presumably killed in Budapest during World War Two.
*?Biro, Jozsef
Birth - Death : 1907-1975
Nationality : Hungarian
Painter. After losing his parents at 13, Jozsef Biro later studied at the Academy in Budapest from 1911 to 1913 and then at the Academie Julian in Paris with Jean-Paul Laurens as well as in Geneva with Ferdinand Hodler who influenced him much. He was appointed in 1931 as Head of the School of Applied Arts in Budapest and exhibited his works in Zurich, Stockholm, Barcelona, Nuremberg and Genoa. In 1946 he sought refuge in Switzerland with his family and then made several trips to Italy, Germany, France, The Netherlands, England and Austria. Biro took part in many exhibitions in Hungary between 1921 and 1940 and in many other countries. On the 100th anniversary of his birth the Malpensata Museum in Lugano organised a retrospective exhibition of his works in 1988. Biro liked to paint Swiss and Hungarian landscapes as well as folk scenes painted in a neo-impressionistic style and exhaling the nostalgia of old times.


*?Boberman, Vladimir Abramovitch
Birth - Death : 1897-?
Nationality : Russian
Painter. Boberman worked in Italy between 1921 and 1923 before going to Berlin and in Paris, wHere He exhibited at the Salon des Independants in 1927.
*?Cerny, Oskar
Birth - Death : 1898-1943?
Nationality : Hungarian
Believed to have died during World War Two, Cerny had previously studied painting in Czechoslovakia.
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